Salamanders are ectothermic, which means that they can’t control their own body temperatures: when their environment gets cold, they get cold. There is also mythological lore around a Salamander’s ability to thwart fire. “Named from the Greek meaning fire-lizards, salamanders have a long mythological history of holding the power to thwart fire. Thomas Bulfinch, of Mythology fame, notes that “…the authority of numerous sage philosophers, at the head of whom are Aristotle and Pliny, affirms this power of the salamander. According to them, the animal not only resists fire, but extinguishes it, and when he sees the flame charges it as an enemy which he well knows how to vanquish.” Some attributed these powers to the salamander’s cold-bloodedness, others to fire-proof skin, while still others say the myth began when salamanders were seen emerging from the charred remnants of fire logs. Such powerful myths often have some truth at their root, and, in the case of the salamander, it is the last reputed power that holds some foundation. Some salamanders’ natural habits as semi-aquatic creatures enabled them to avoid the wildfires that threaten other forest dwellers. Other species, such as the both the Clouded salamander and the Flat woods salamander, thrive in the conditions created after a fire when loose moist debris covers the forest floor.” (source: https://enviroliteracy.org/special-features/creature-feature/salamanders/).
Salamander Reservoir
Category: salamander
The notifications are customizable, and will include specific information to get you to the signaling reservoir (i.e. property address, building number, floor, location, etc…) By default, the Salamander Control System will send out the following notifications (via email and SMS):
Water Detect Alert: the primary alert for a dry sprinkler system, this will alert when water has been detected in a reservoir in the dry system. This is a ‘persistent’ notification, meaning that it will continue to alert until resolution.
Low Temperature Alert: the internal water temperature of the wet system is below 48°F. This is a ‘persistent’ notification, meaning that it will continue to alert until resolution.
Device Offline: This alert will notify if a device has been offline for 150 minutes. This is a ‘persistent’ notification, meaning that it will continue to alert until resolution.
Low Battery Alert: This will alert when battery levels drop to 15% or lower. This is a ‘persistent’ notification, meaning that it will continue to alert until resolution.
Heat Relay (status on and status off): if integrating with a heat relay, this notification will let you know that local heating has been initialized. Additionally, when the internal system temperature has been satisfied (≥50°F), it will notify that the heat is turned off because the system has restored.
High Temperature Alert: the internal water temperature of the wet system is higher than 165°F. This is a ‘persistent’ notification, meaning that it will continue to alert until resolution.
No; this is completely optional. The primary function of the Salamander Reservoir and Control System is to alert ownership / management of a low temperature problems within the wet system. However, it can integrate with an on-site heater (via a relay) to initialize the local heat.
It is important that any installation be done by a qualified professional, and that all modifications to the system be done with the approval from a design engineer. We recognize that each dry fire sprinkler system is a little different, and as such, there are many options to install the versatile Salamander Reservoirs into one. Also, per NFPA guidelines, a low-point drain (also called Drip Drum or Auxiliary Drain) is required at each low point in the system. At each low point drain, Salamander Reservoirs can be installed on (or after) the condensate nipple before the bottom (closed) drain valve and plug of the low point drain.
Categories: dry systems, salamander
Often, a wet system’s riser is in an unoccupied owner’s room type facility, so we recommend putting one in a riser in that location, even if there are multiple risers there. Additionally, Salamander Reservoirs can be installed throughout the system at ‘strategic’ or remote locations which may include vestibules, vacant spaces and the like.
Categories: salamander, wet systems
We recommend installing one at a point between the dry pipe valve and the first dry sprinkler head. This will serve as a first indication alert of a potential compromise of the dry pipe valve. Additionally, we recommend installing Salamander Reservoirs at each low point in the system at the auxiliary drain to detect condensation accumulation.
Categories: dry systems, salamander
It is important that any installation be done by a qualified professional, and that all modifications to the system be done with the approval from a design engineer. While there are many ways to install a Salamander Reservoir on a wet system, the following illustrates a typical installation on a wet sprinkler riser.
Salamander Reservoir: installation on a wet sprinkler system Step 1: Preparation for Installation

Recommended installation begins after a sprinkler technician has installed 1.5” threaded mechanical tee, nipple and ball valve to receive the Salamander Reservoir.

 

Salamander Reservoir: installation on a wet sprinkler system Step 2: Attach the Salamander Reservoir

Leave the ball valve between the system and the Salamander Reservoir in the closed position and attach the Salamander Reservoir. Be sure to leave the Salamander Reservoir’s ball valve slightly ajar before beginning Step 3.

Salamander Reservoir: installation on a wet sprinkler system Step 3: Bleed the Air from the Reservoir

Slowly open the ball valve between the system and the Salamander Reservoir about a quarter of a turn. This will allow the reservoir to fully fill with water, and bled out any air from the system.

Once water has bled out of the bleed valve for a few seconds, close and plug the ball valve on the Salamander Reservoir.

The Reservoir is now full of water, and at equal pressure to the rest of the sprinkler system.

salamander_install_wet_02 Step 4: Final Positioning

Fully open the ball valve between the system and the Salamander Reservoir and ensure connectivity between the sensor and the gateway.

Categories: salamander, wet systems
Salamander Reservoirs communicate wirelessly to the Control System over an encrypted Radio Frequency (RF) connection. A great benefit to that architecture is that devices can communicate through walls, and don’t need line of sight. In fact, sensors can be over 1,000 feet away from the Control System and still connect over the secure RF connection. This bank-level security, features a 256-bit exchange to establish a global unique key, and an AES-128 CTR for all data messages so security is maintained at all communication points from the Reservoir to the Control System, the Control System to the notification back-end, and back again.
In 2014, James Seip and Jonathan Epstein were full-time professional commercial real estate property managers working for Berger-Epstein Associates, Inc. in Allentown, Pennsylvania. Like most property managers, winterizing buildings including making sure sprinkler rooms and vacant spaces were adequately heated to reduce the risk of pipes freezing.
Our sprinkler rooms, like so many others, had uncalibrated wall-mounted heaters designed to turn on when the ambient air temperature got low enough to trigger the mechanism.
The following spring, we received an electric bill for about $2,000: the heater malfunctioned and continued to run – a significant waste of money and energy! We wondered why heating wasn’t being initialized when the water temperature was low, since air temperature is an incredibly volatile metric.
In the next years, we met with many sprinkler engineers, technicians, design professionals to see if the industry had a solution for us.
When it was clear that they didn’t, we patented our idea and brought it market.
Category: salamander
No. The Salamander Reservoirs communicate with a Control System unit. The Control System has an internal a cellular gateway which uses an AT&T network for all communication and data transmittal. Since we are monitoring a life safety device, this method is much preferred over using an on-site customer network.
Yes! One Control System can support over 75 Salamander Reservoirs, and can be mixed-and-matched between wet reservoirs, dry reservoirs, and heat relays.
It is important that any installation be done by a qualified professional, and that all modifications to the system be done with the approval from a design engineer.
The Salamander Reservoirs are designed, fabricated and tested to the NFPA standard. Additionally, Salamander Reservoir has an ‘exemption’ status from Factory Mutual (FM). Should a design professional, installer or municipality desire engineering drawings, they are available upon request – please contact us using the form below.

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