Frequently Asked Questions

Salamander solutions and deployments are unique to each customer and facility.

If there are questions beyond those which are covered below,
please connect with us using the information at the bottom of this page.

A Salamander Solution may be right for you, if one or more of the following is applicable:
  • You own or manage a facility with a wet or dry fire sprinkler system in a location subject to freezing conditions
  • You want to protect your occupants, assets and income stream(s) from the risks and costs associated with pipe freeze, including discharge, repair, downtime, remediation and restoration
  • Real-time data would help you make informed decisions
  • You want to lower energy, labor and travel costs without sacrificing safety or management obligations
  • Checking in on a property does not have to include being ‘on-site’
  • You are looking for solutions that can scale and move throughout your portfolio
  • You recognize the value of small investments and precautionary measures against the larger risks of downside alternatives.
It is important that any installation be done by a qualified professional, and that all modifications to the system be done with the approval from a design engineer.
Yes! One Salamander Control System can support over 75 ‘devices’. The devices can be mixed-and-matched between wet Salamander Reservoirs, heat relays, air temperature sensors and dry Salamander Reservoirs. And, because our system is scalable and wireless, Salamander Reservoirs and devices can be ‘phased-in’ or moved as the owner chooses.
Salamander Reservoirs communicate wirelessly to the Salamander Control System over an encrypted, secure Radio Frequency (RF) connection. A great benefit to that architecture is that communication doesn’t require clear line-of-sight, and can therefore cover long distances, even through walls. In fact, Salamander Reservoirs can be over 1,000 feet away from the Salamander Control System.
The secure RF features a 256-bit exchange to establish a global unique key, and an AES-128 CTR for all data messages. This encryption ensures that security is maintained bi-directionally at all communication points from each Salamander Reservoir to the cloud-based notification back-end.
No; each Salamander Reservoir communicates wirelessly to a Salamander Control System unit. Devices can communicate securely over distances in excess of 1,000 feet – much further than a wireless signal can reach. Our Salamander Control System utilizes a cellular gateway (AT&T or Verizon available), so our systems can communicate even in the event of power failure.
Since we are monitoring life safety systems, we prefer this independent method versus utilizing an on-site customer network.
No; Salamander Reservoirs and Salamander Control Systems communicate directly – and securely – over a cellular service to our back-end system to notify designated parties. The Salamander solution’s early warnings of potential compromise are important to deliver to building ownership and management for their resolution – not necessarily to an emergency responder. Should customer demand warrant integration with a panel or dialer, we may incorporate this feature in the future.
Each notification from a Salamander Reservoir and Control System is customizable, and includes specific information to get the right people to the right place. With input from each customer, SMS and E-mail notifications can be tailored to include information like property address, building number, floor, reservoir location, reservoir reading, etc…
By default, the Salamander Control System sends the following notifications:
Water Detect Alert (dry systems only): the primary alert for a dry sprinkler system. This alert indicates water accumulation detected in a Salamander Reservoir in a dry fire sprinkler system. This is a ‘persistent’ notification, meaning that notifications will continue until the problem has been resolved.
Low Temperature Detected (wet systems only): indicating that the internal water temperature of a wet system has been detected at or below 48°F (9°C)*. This is a ‘persistent’ notification, meaning that notifications will continue until the problem has been resolved.
Heat Relay On/Off (optional for wet systems): This alert is only applicable for those solutions integrating with a local heat relay. The Heat Relay is automatically turned on when the Salamander Reservoir detects an internal water temperature at or below 48°F (9°C)*. The Heat Relay will turn off when the Salamander Reservoir detects internal water temperatures at or above 50°F (10°C)*.
High Temperature Detected (wet systems only): indicating that the internal water temperature of a wet system has been detected at or higher than 88°F (31°C)*. This is a ‘persistent’ notification, meaning that it will continue to alert until resolution.
Device Offline (all systems):  This alert will notify if a Salamander Reservoir, Heat Relay or Salamander Control System has been offline for a period of 3* hours. This is a ‘persistent’ notification, meaning that notifications will continue until the problem has been resolved.
Low Battery Alert (all systems): This alert will notify if a Salamander Reservoir or Salamander Control System’s battery is 15%* or lower. This is a ‘persistent’ notification, meaning that notifications will continue until the problem has been resolved.
* indicates default setting which can be customized by user
An Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) plays an important role in the approvals and inspections of fire sprinkler systems. AHJs should be aware of the following, with regard to Salamander Reservoirs on a fire life safety system:
  1. Salamander Reservoirs are not substitutes for ordinary system maintenance as outlined by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). Salamander customers are obligated to regularly inspect and maintain their life safety fire sprinkler systems, including their Salamander components.
  2. Salamander Reservoirs are auxiliary devices designed to monitor the internal conditions within fire life safety systems.
  3. Salamander Reservoirs must be installed by licensed professionals in accordance with the documentation provided by JTJ Tech, LLC and in accordance with applicable governmental approvals.
  4. Owners and managers requesting approval to install Salamander Reservoirs are taking voluntary, proactive steps beyond existing code requirements to ensure that the life safety measures in place are working as designed, keeping their occupants protected and safe.
  5. Owners and managers requesting approval to install Salamander Reservoirs are also protecting their properties against pipe freeze, discharge and associated repair, downtime, remediation and restoration costs.
  6. By reducing the risks of pipe freeze, Salamander customers are also reducing the risk of false alarms, freeze-based discharges (as opposed to fire-based discharges) and subsequent dispatches to emergency personnel and first responders who may be needed at a real emergency.

“In my professional opinion, as both the Fire Marshall and Building Code Official, the Salamander solution was in an intriguing, innovative way to address an issue for the fire sprinkler industry: freeze-related system failures. …I found the system performance to be impressive. The data collected by your system, along with the technology used to transmit the data, clearly provides a fire protection system owner with a powerful tool to be used to protect systems from freeze-related compromise or damage. The addition of the design professional’s seal on the Salamander Reservoir’s engineered drawings provides an added level of validity to your system’s design. … I look forward to seeing this system prevent future fire sprinkler system failures” John G. Frantz, CFEI, BCO, Fire Marshal, Building Code Official, South Whitehall Township, Pennsylvania
Salamander Reservoirs are designed, fabricated and tested to the standards set by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). Additionally, Salamander Reservoir has an ‘exemption’ status from Factory Mutual (FM).
Should a design professional, installer or AHJ desire signed and sealed engineering drawings for Salamander Reservoirs, they are available upon request – simply contact us using the form below.
Salamander Reservoirs are recommended to be installed at ‘strategic’ locations vulnerable to pipe freeze, such as unoccupied areas, attics, sprinkler rooms, vestibules, stairwells, garages, remote sprinkler heads, vacant spaces and in pipes along cold, uninsulated walls.
Due to our design, Salamander Reservoirs can be easily relocated when, for example, a vacant space becomes occupied and another vacancy emerges.
While there are many ways to install a versatile Salamander Reservoir on a wet fire sprinkler system, the following illustrates a typical installation on a wet sprinkler riser.
It is important that any installation be done by a qualified professional, and that all modifications to the system be done with the approval from a design engineer. 
Step 1: Preparation for Installation

To install in existing drained system, begin by drilling 1.5” hole in the pipe to accommodate a 1.5” threaded mechanical tee. This tee will then receive a pipe nipple, ball valve and the Salamander Reservoir.

Step 2: Install the Salamander Reservoir

After the mechanical tee has been installed, thread a pipe nipple, ball valve and the Salamander Reservoir. Leave the large ball valve in the closed position until all seals are good and watertight.

The Salamander Reservoir should be oriented with its ball valve at the top of the reservoir to bleed air as it gets filled with water from the system.

Step 3: Bleed the Air from the Salamander Reservoir

Slowly open the large ball valve between the system and the Salamander Reservoir just enough to begin filling the Salamander Reservoir with water.

Slowly open the ball valve at the top of the Salamander Reservoir to bleed the air out as the reservoir begins to fill with water from the system.

The reservoir is full of water when water begins to come out from the top bleed valve. At this point, the Salamander Reservoir will also be at equal pressure with the rest of the system. Close and plug the ball valve on the Salamander Reservoir.

Step 4: Final Positioning

Fully open the ball valve between the system and the Salamander Reservoir and ensure connectivity between the Salamander Reservoir and the Salamander Control System and secure the sensor battery pack. 

No; heat relays are not required for wet systems. Integrating with a heat relay simply initializes heat to remedy low temperature situations and is a great way to strategically utilize heat energies and ensure that the area isn’t prone to compromise. However, the designated parties may elect to be notified of low water temperatures and act independently.
If you would like to incorporate a heat relay into their solution, we can always accommodate your request.
Building owners and managers need to know when – and where – water may be present in their dry fire protection system(s). In traditional dry systems, Salamander Reservoirs should be installed at points designed to collect moisture such as low points, drum drips and auxiliary drains. In mission-critical locations like data centers and colocation facilities that may use pre-action or interlocking fire protection systems, it is also important to know where water may be present. Residual water in systems like these can present a significant hazard to the equipment it was designed to protect. Therefore, it is recommended to install Salamander Reservoirs in strategic areas to alert to the presence of accumulated water. This way, it can be safely drained in a timely manner without posing a threat to the equipment the systems have been designed to protect.
On Dry Fire Sprinkler Systems, Salamander Reservoirs should be installed at each low point (auxiliary drain or drum drip) to detect – and alert to – an accumulation of condensation.
Additionally, Salamander Reservoirs can be installed between the Dry Pipe Valve and the first dry sprinkler head to serve as early detection of a potential compromise within or after the Dry Pipe Valve assembly.
Salamander on Auxiliary Drain
While there are many ways to install a versatile Salamander Reservoir on a dry fire sprinkler system, the following illustrates a typical installation at a drum drip / auxiliary drain.
It is important that any installation be done by a qualified professional, and that all modifications to the system be done with the approval from a design engineer. 
We recommend installing Salamander Reservoirs at each low-point drain (drum drip or auxiliary drain) to detect accumulation of water from condensation within the dry fire system. As shown in the photo, Salamander Reservoirs should be installed above the bottom condensate relief valve to detect the first amounts of condensation accumulation in the drum drip.
Additionally, Salamander Reservoirs can be installed between the Dry Pipe Valve and the first dry sprinkler head to serve as early detection of a potential compromise within or after the Dry Pipe Valve assembly.
In 2014, James Seip and Jonathan Epstein were full-time professional commercial real estate property managers working for Berger-Epstein Associates, Inc. in Allentown, Pennsylvania. Like most property managers, we ensure that our fire sprinkler systems won’t freeze in the winter. Unfortunately, due to a problem, we received a bill for more than $2,000 to heat a small (100 square-foot) sprinkler room. We wondered why we were heating our vulnerable sprinklered areas based upon air temperatures, when owners should be heating when the water temperatures get low. We searched the market and found that no solutions were available.
This started us on the path to invent, patent and market the Salamander Reservoir….
This story was covered by Lehigh Valley Business (link here: https://www.lvb.com/new-sprinkler-management-device-aims-save-money-lives)
Salamanders are ectothermic, which means that they can’t control their own body temperatures: when their environment gets cold, they get cold (just like a wet fire sprinkler system!).
The word salamander is Greek for fire lizard, and there is long lore about a Salamander’s ability to resist and extinguish fires. Some had attributed these powers to the salamander’s cold-bloodedness, others to fire-proof skin, while still others say the myth began when salamanders were seen emerging from the charred remnants of fire logs, likely since their habitat is the moist decaying material which covers the forest floor (source: https://enviroliteracy.org/special-features/creature-feature/salamanders/).
Salamander Reservoir
In 2020, JTJ Tech LLC, after a lengthy application process, was selected to compete in the second annual StartUp Lehigh Valley Pitch Competition. The Salamander Reservoir won second place at the virtual event which was also simulcast on Facebook Live and YouTube. Winners were also welcomed into Penn State University’s Lehigh Valley LaunchBox (LVLB) business accelerator program for entrepreneurs, created as part of the Invent Penn State initiative. For additional information, please visit:

Lehigh Valley LaunchBox: lehighvalley.psu.edu/lehigh-valley-launchbox

linkedin.com/in/lvlaunchbox

facebook.com/lvlaunchbox

Invent Penn State initiative: invent.psu.edu